That Unique Pug Appearance

A Pug’s primary quality is his or her adorable appearance. This artificial breed was developed only for the purpose of mimicking the natural one in appearance. There is no such thing as a French Bulldog that has dropped ears, nor is there such a thing as a small Mastiff or Shar-Pei. They are in no way connected to either the Mastiff or the Shar-Pei in any way of whatsoever. Given that their histories are so similar, it is not surprising that the Pekingese is the breed that comes the closest to resembling a pug (other than another pug, of course).
Even though they are often the biggest of all the toy breeds, Pugs are categorized as Toy Breeds in the United States. This is despite the fact that Pugs are typically the smallest dog in the breed. The average weight for a pug is between 14 and 18 pounds, which makes them a fairly strong Toy breed. Although they are classified according to their weight, dogs should have a build that is in proportion to their height and bone. The body of a Pug is comparable to that of a Bulldog, however it is smaller and less exaggerated than the Bulldog’s. Their general profile should have the appearance of a square: the distance from the ground to the top of the withers should be proportional to the distance from the sternum (breastbone) to the rump.

The head of the Pug is the most distinctive and easily recognizable trait of the breed. When seen from the front, the head itself should have a spherical shape. When seen from the side, the face should have a flat appearance without an excessively large or small chin. The eyes of a pug are large, almond-shaped, deep brown, and expressive. Their placement on the head is rather disproportional, and there are generally recognized to be two distinct varieties of ear: rose and button. Ears that fold over into buttons should not dangle lower than the outer corner of the eye and should fold over so that the top of the folded ear is level with the top of the head. Rose ears give the impression of being smaller than average and fold inward such that the ear’s inner edge rests on the side of the head. The rose ear has the effect of making the head seem smaller and more rounded than it really is. It is required that the ears be completely dark. The wrinkles on the Pug’s head should be deep and obvious, due to the fact that the color is deeper inside the wrinkles than it is on the surface. It is preferable to have one enormous wrinkle that is continuous across the nose.

The Pug’s tail is the second significant distinguishing characteristic of the breed. It is important that the tail be neatly curled and placed high on the back of the animal. Breeders strive for a tail with a double curl, which consists of two full loops, however it is fine for the tail to have a single tight loop or twist instead. It is not typical of Pugs to have a floppy loose tail that bounces over the dog’s back, or for a Pug to carry his tail uncurled. Both of these traits are atypical of the breed.

Fawn and black are the two hues that may be found in pugs. Either one is OK, but blacks may be more difficult to find. Both are appropriate. The fawn Pugs have been given many other names throughout the years, such as “apricot fawn,” “silver fawn,” “stone fawn,” and so on, in an effort to distinguish between them; yet, they are still still referred to as “fawn Pugs.” The coat of an apricot fawn will have a peach or apricot tinge to it, and the base coat will be a creamy tone that is nearly transparent. The second fawn coat has a mixture of guard hairs with black tips, giving the impression that the dog has a deeper and “cooler” hue than it really does. It is just the really dark coloring that covers the full body of the dog that is regarded “smutty” and unattractive. All of these other colors are OK. Both hues have the potential to develop a few white hairs on the chest, and as they become older, the muzzles of both colors will turn grey. There is nothing normal or ideal about a Pug having pinto spots, brindle markings, or stripes.

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