When it comes to pug colors, I’ve found that this is one of the most hotly contested subjects on the internet. I come across far too many people who believe they have bred a “rare silver Pug” or who have purchased one, only to find out that what they actually have is a dark or smutty fawn dog, which is not rare, is not silver, and is really not all that desirable. This occurs far too frequently for my liking. The “brindle” Pug is another issue that is now receiving a lot of attention, and there are images that “show” that they are genuine. The pedigree of a dog cannot be deduced from a picture in the same way that my Irish, Dutch, German, or English ancestry cannot be established with the use of a photograph. In addition, even the most fundamental understanding of the genetic rules that govern the different coat colors of pugs makes it abundantly clear that a brindle coat cannot develop on its own. If you would like to look into color genetics in English (actual English, not scientific-speak English), then please click here to get to the website that discusses color genetics. If not, let’s begin with the colors of the pug!
The Official Line
There are just two recognized colors for the Pug, which are fawn and black. This has been the case for more than a century at this point. According to the breed standard established by the AKC in the United States, which is a written description of what a “ideal Pug” would look like, the Pug should have the following coloration: “There are three color options: silver, apricot-fawn, and black. It is important to select whether to use an apricot-fawn or silver hue in order to get the desired contrast between the color, the trace, and the mask.”
The description of the Pug that is used by the Kennel Club in England, which has been certifying the breed’s pedigrees for longer than any other organization, includes the word “COLOUR.” “— Silver, fawn, apricot, or black in color. Each one has a distinct outline, which helps to create a full contrast between the color, the trace (the black line that runs from the occiput to the twist), and the mask. Clearly delineated identifying marks Face features such as a muzzle or mask, ears, moles on the cheeks, a thumb mark or diamond on the forehead, and as much black as you can draw on them.”
This is the breed description that is used by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI), which has its headquarters in Belgium. It is also used in other parts of the world, including Asia, Australia, and Latin America.
There are a variety of blacks and fawns, each with its own distinct characteristics, and it is not difficult to grasp the distinctions between them. Because no two dogs are exactly similar, there are many different shades of black and fawn that may be seen within the breed. This is where the majority of people get confused. Some versions have names that are simple to comprehend, such as “apricot fawn,” while others, such as “silver fawn,” have names that are more challenging to understand. Let’s get some of this figured out, shall we?
The coats of a Black might be one of two primary colors: the blue black, which takes on the appearance of a blue-black hue when seen in direct sunlight. Instead of a crimson hue, the highlights on the black coat have a bluish sheen to them as they shine. This is the hue that I think best represents what a black Pug should look like. The second kind of black is known as the rusty black, which, when exposed to bright light, has the appearance of fading or sunburning into a brown or rust hue. When compared to the texture of the blue-black coat, the texture of the rusty coat seems to be more gentle. When it comes to blacks, things are relatively straightforward. (We’ll deal with white spots on chest and toes later on, during the part on heredity, but for now, the fundamental principle is “less is better, none is ideal.”)
No matter what tone or variant of fawn you choose, the hue should have a considerable amount of black pigment on the face mask, the ears, the eye rims, and the toes as well. With the lighter colored fawn dogs of today, we do not see the hint of black that we used to see as much along the spine as we used to, but there are a lot of dogs who have darker hairs down the spine. Everything else about the coat, no matter what color it is, should be transparent, with the exception of those regions. This indicates that the coat should not have a thick coating of guard hairs, which are the stiff exterior hairs, which are dark and black in color.
The apricot fawn is a subspecies of the fawn that is neither very abundant nor extremely uncommon. The hue is extremely soothing and comforting to the eye, and it gives off a feeling of warmth. Because the heavier shadings on an apricot tend to be orange or apricot in hue, it is quite simple to tell an apricot from from other types of fawns. A nice illustration of a dog with an apricot fawn coloring is the Pug that can be seen in the picture on the left. Also, take notice of the fact that his body is covered with hairs of a light tint, and that there are none of the heavier black hairs known as “guard hairs” that would normally deepen the color. Not a single black hair was used in the shading; instead, apricot, brown, and cream tones were used.
Let’s move on to the next topic, which is the Rare Silver Pug. There is a dog like that, but they are very uncommon and are only seldom seen in the wild. In the last five years, I don’t think there has been more than one real silver-coated Pug that has been certified. The dogs in question are NOT silver Pugs since their guard hairs are black all over their bodies. SMUTTY fawn Pugs are distinguished from other colors of the breed by the abundance of black coat hairs that cover their body. A Pug that does not have any black hairs on its body has the appearance of a Pug when it is bathed in moonlight rather than when it is in the shade. The images on the left show what a genuine piece of rare silver would look like, while the images on the right show what a smutty Pug would seem like in contrast. Do not fall for the sleight of hand of an unethical breeder who would have you believe that you are purchasing something expensive, such as a “rare silver,” when in reality, what you are purchasing is a poor coat color combination. Always err on the side of caution when purchasing a Pug, since this is the best piece of advice I can provide! The dog seen here is NOT a silver Pug.
It would seem that brindle-colored Pugs are all the rage right now. People are reporting that they either own one or have seen one, and the dogs are registered as pure-bred Pugs despite their widespread appearance. Keep in mind that the honesty of the individual who filled out the forms and registrations determines the validity of the information they include. After 100 years of Pugs having only two colors, it is most interesting and suspicious to me that in this day and age of “rare dog=$$$$” we suddenly and surprisingly have a plethora of Pugs with this very rare coloration. I am NOT trying to say that the owners are dishonest, nor can I say that a breeder is dishonest. However, I must say that after 100 years of Pugs having only two colors, it is after 100 years of Pug One pug breeder that I am familiar with intentionally mixes their pugs with other breeds to achieve brindle and “pinto” hues because they believe that these colors “look attractive.” I don’t have an issue with puppies who have an attractive appearance or uncommon coloring, but I would advise a buyer to be aware that these dogs are NOT pure-bred Pugs and that they should not be represented or sold as such. According to research on the genes that determine coat color in dogs, the Pug does not have the gene that causes brindling. Therefore, the brindle gene had to have been brought in from another dog that already had it from the outside. In order for another dog to be able to inherit the brindle gene, that dog must come from a breed that traditionally has brindle in its bloodlines. After doing some research on some brindle Pugs, I discovered that the breeders have either had Boston Terriers or French Bulldogs in the same home. This is one of the many similarities between the Pug and other breeds that carry the brindle gene: the Boston Terrier and the French Bulldog are two of the breeds that come the closest in terms of body structure. Without using DNA testing, it is impossible to know for certain who the biological father of a litter of pups is. This is due to the fact that a single litter of puppies may be produced from the offspring of more than one dog. There are also certain litters in which both of the parents are considered to be “pure Pugs,” yet they nonetheless give birth to brindle puppies. I have yet to come across a breeder of these litters who can provide DNA confirmation that their “pure Pugs” are in fact genetically identical to other Pugs. Due to the fast advancement of DNA research, it will not be long before it is possible to establish whether or not a dog’s ancestry is that of a “pure Pug” or a “Pug mixed with something else.” To this day, I have a great deal of skepticism and uncertainty over the purportedly brindle Pug. There have been hundreds of dogs that have been recorded to have their DNA analyzed, yet not a single one of these professionally examined litters has resulted in the birth of a brindle colored puppy. Although the dogs that are up for sale could have markings that are quite similar to those seen on Pugs, that does not indicate that they are really Pugs.
Albinos are the result of a rare genetic mutation that may happen to dogs of any breed, as well as other kinds of animals. A characteristic of albinos is their white fur and pink flesh, most notably their pink nose and eye rims. (for an example, see the picture that is included). Instead of a pink pigment in the skin, this pink coloration really indicates a lack of pigmentation in the skin. In terms of genetics, it is the polar opposite of a dog with full and abundant pigment. Albinos are susceptible to and often get sunburn. There have been albino Pugs in the past, and I have no doubt that there will be more in the future. Breeders are quite familiar with and knowledgeable about this particular form of genetic mutation. There are genuine lines of albino horses that are developed for the absence of pigment in the skin, and the albino mutation occurs naturally in raccoons, ferrets, mice, rabbits, squirrels, and many other animals. Albino horses are produced specifically for their lack of color in the skin. I do not believe that the presence of an albino mutation within a line brings about any kind of disadvantage, either for the line itself or for the breeder of the litter that produced the albino. Because some of our dogs inherit a very unusual gene, something like this only occurs seldom and after a very lengthy period of time.