In dogs in general, there are a lot of skin disorders, and a significant percentage of Pugs have major skin problems. Personally, I think that many skin disorders are inherited, and I think that breeding dogs from parents who don’t have skin problems would help reduce the number of dogs that do have skin problems. The state of your dog’s skin may often provide you with valuable information on your dog’s overall health and wellbeing. The skin of a dog is more susceptible to injury than the skin of a person, and once it has been injured, the issue may spread more rapidly between dogs than it does through people. While a problem is not identified and addressed when it is still in its early stages, it is far more likely to escalate into a more serious issue.
Avoiding a Problem
Avoiding the occurrence of an issue in the first place is the simplest and most effective strategy to maintain control over it. Grooming your dog on a consistent basis is an essential part of providing proper care for him and detecting health issues in their earliest stages. See the section on general care for further information. You should always have your dog examined by a vet for any skin problem as early as possible in order to prevent the problem from spreading or developing additional complications, and the information that is presented below does not in any way provide an exhaustive list of the potential causes of skin problems in Pugs.
Skin conditions may be broken down into a few more understandable categories, which can give you an idea of what your veterinarian will look for when you take your dog in for an appointment. Itchy skin occurs when your Pug constantly scratches at himself, when he licks or nibbles at his skin (particularly the flanks in Pugs), or when he brushes against items in an attempt to itch himself. This is the group that includes allergies, which are notoriously difficult to identify since they may either have an immediate or a delayed response depending on the individual. The loss of hair does not seem to give a Pug any significant pain on the whole. It’s possible that you’re experiencing hair loss if you’ve seen sections of your hair falling out, new hair not coming in correctly, or even just a difference in the way your coat feels or looks. Infections of the skin will often cause your Pug to experience a great deal of discomfort, and there may be open sores on or puss under the skin. Pyoderma is the medical word for this issue, and it may arise as a consequence of a number of different underlying causes. If you suspect your Pug has a skin issue, the first thing you should do is get a comb and simply comb against the normal development of the hair, or in other words, comb backwards. This is the first thing you should do if you think your Pug has a skin problem. The second step is to attempt to piece together a history that you can discuss with your veterinarian. This should include when you first became aware of the issue, as well as any recent changes in food or exercise, as well as any interactions with other animals or skin irritants (chemicals in the lawn, for example).
Itchiness and itching, particularly at the rear end of Pugs, is a common problem. When you comb the coat backwards, you’ll often see black spots in the coat, which are the excrement of fleas, and white specks, which are the eggs of fleas.
There are many different types of allergic reactions, and each one has to be investigated and eliminated one at a time.
- Inhalation Allergy
In most cases, symptoms include intense itching, scratching of the face, and licking of the paws. Just like people who suffer from allergies, your Pug may also experience symptoms including as sneezing, runny nose, and watery eyes. If there is a connection between this issue and pollens, it may manifest itself at the same time every year. It seems that genetics have a role in the development of the majority of inhalant allergies.
- Flea Allergy Dermatitis
In the aftermath of a flea infestation, pugs often develop a rash in the areas where the fleas were most prevalent. Because the Pug is allergic to the flea saliva, which is still flowing in the circulation after the fleas have died, the scratching and itching will persist even after the fleas have been eradicated.
- Allergic Dermatitis and Contact Dermatitis
When your Pug gets contact dermatitis, which is simply a skin irritation, he is responding to anything that he comes into touch with, in this case something that he comes into contact with. The condition may only be classified as allergic when it is caused by prolonged contact with normally occurring chemicals, such as grass or poison ivy. The issue with the skin may expand beyond the place of touch, although it usually always begins in the region that was first in contact with the substance.
- Sores to Lick
An ankle or leg sore that develops as a result of your Pug repeatedly licking the same region on its body, most often the ankle or leg. These lesions are sometimes known as boredom sores.
Hair Loss Conditions
The majority of the disorders that cause hair loss are frequently hormonal in origin, and they seldom cause any itching or discomfort. These disorders may persist without treatment until a secondary infection sets up, which will then cause itching.
It is conceivable that the Pug has a deficiency in thyroid hormone if the skin is rough, the hair is sparse and brittle, and the color of the skin is dark or even black. The Pug will itself put on weight, become sluggish, and females will have erratic heat cycles, if any at all, if they do have any at all. This does not take place overnight, and it might be many months before all of the symptoms appear in your dog.
- Cushing’s Disease
This condition, which is sometimes referred to as hyperadrenocorticism, describes the synthesis of an excessive amount of adrenal hormone, most notably corticosteroids. It may arise on its own or be brought on by using excessive amounts of corticosteroids, such prednisone, in order to treat another condition. Cushing’s illness results in increased drinking and urine, increased hunger, panting, high blood pressure, and hair loss, which is often uniformly distributed on both sides of the body. Other symptoms include panting and high blood pressure. The majority of owners get suspicious when they see an abnormally high amount of water consumption and urine production.
- Demodectic Mange
Demodex is more common in puppies and dogs less than one year old, but any Pug with a compromised immune system is at risk for developing the condition. The Demodex mite, which thrives on dogs of all breeds and sizes, often does not cause any problems. Something occurs that diminishes a dog’s immunity to the mite, and then the dog suddenly has demodex. We don’t completely understand all of the reasons why some dogs suddenly get demodex, but something does happen. There is a localized type, which is generally only present in early pups and only in one or two places on the body. There is also a systemic version. The look of the puppies is sometimes compared to that of having been “moth devoured.” The second kind, which is generalized, starts as a localized rash but gradually worsens until it covers broad portions of the Pug’s body. VETERINARY CARE MUST BE PROVIDED FOR BOTH FORMS.
When your Pug licks, chews, or scratches at his skin, he runs the risk of breaking the skin, which may then lead to an infection. Keep in mind that infection is a subsequent complication that might arise as a consequence of anything else that first caused the irritation.
- Puppy Impetigo
In pups less than one year old, impetigo manifests as pus-filled blisters on the stomach and groin regions. This condition is sometimes referred to as “milk rash.” Washing the affected area with surgical soap, which contains anti-bacterial agents, often results in the condition’s disappearance.
Puppy acne, often known as pimples, has its own own page on PugsCom since it affects such a high percentage of Pugs. It is not uncommon for the condition to persist in Pugs beyond the typical one-year time frame and has been documented in dogs as old as two years. You may get further information at this link.
Not only on the face, but also on the sides, back, and legs, individuals may develop bumps that have the appearance of pimples. If therapy is not provided, they have the potential to become deeply embedded and drain freely. It is also possible for it to induce hair loss. Because the infection might expand into the muscle and skin, these pimples should not be crushed or drained unless expressly instructed to do so by your veterinarian. Otherwise, the infection could spread.
- Skin fold pyoderma
The folds and creases on a surface provide perfect conditions for the growth of germs. If the wrinkles get infected, they are likely to become discolored and inflamed, and they will almost certainly have a pungent odor. Your veterinarian has to investigate if your Pug has an eye condition that causes excessive drainage, or whether there is another underlying reason that causes moisture to be held in the wrinkles and causes this issue.
- Hot Spots
Hot spots are painful, oval areas of raw open sores that appear on a Pug’s skin. These sores have a foul odor and have a high risk of becoming infected. They may arise quite suddenly (sometimes even over night), and they can develop to a width of one or two inches in nearly the same amount of time. It is typical for hair to come out before the healing process begins. This is a bacterial illness, and I have noticed that I have greater issues with it in my own dogs if I do not completely dry the coat after giving them a wash. There are a variety of home treatments that people recommend, but you should always check with your veterinarian to be sure there isn’t another issue that is more severe.