How Pug Puppies Learn and Grow: Behavioral Changes


Puggle pups acquire a great deal of knowledge as they mature, and the information that they acquire throughout this period has a long-lasting effect on them. As they mature, all dogs, regardless of breed, go through a series of phases that may be broken down into three categories: the physical, the mental, and the psychological. It is during a certain point in a dog’s life known as the “critical phase” when particular events have a significant and long-lasting impact upon the canine’s growth and development. When you have a better understanding of the key periods and the phases of growth of a dog, you will have a better understanding of how to manage your dog during these particular times as well as your dog’s behavior.

Pugs when they were young (3 – 6 Weeks)

Puppies start to develop their own unique personalities and personalities within the litter when they enter the “toddler” stage. They go out into the world a little bit, away from their parents and siblings, and investigate the surroundings around them. Puppies reach this stage of development when they learn fundamental patterns of behavior that are unique to dogs. While they are having fun, they experiment with a variety of body postures, learning what each one implies and how it affects their mother and the other members of their litter. They discover what it is like to bite and be bitten, what the various types of barking signify, and how to produce and utilize those noises themselves in order to develop connections with other dogs. Their own biting behavior is tempered as a result of such learning and activity because they discover that being bitten by a littermate is painful.

Mother Knows Best

Pugmother instills in her pups a strong work ethic and good manners from the moment they are born. They learn to be subservient to her leadership and what kind of conduct on their part is appropriate to her by seeing what she expects of them. As a means of correcting them when required, she gives them growls, snarls, and snaps in their direction. For example, the mother will use punishment with her pups so that they would cease nursing and leave her alone when it is time to wean the litter. It just takes a few repetitions for the mother to be able to get her pups to react to only a look from her since she punishes them in a manner that is easy for them to comprehend. Training will be more challenging for a puppy if it does not learn to accept leadership (and discipline) in the early interactions it has with its environment. When separated from their littermates at an inappropriate age, puppies may develop anxiety, become more prone to biting and barking, and have a reduced capacity to learn from their mistakes. They often display hostile behavior against other canine companions. In general, if a puppy is taken away from its mother and litter mates before the age of seven weeks, there is a possibility that the puppy may not develop to its full potential as a dog and friend. Puppies need to stay in the whelping box with their mother and litter mates for at least seven weeks after they are born in order to achieve the highest possible level of mental and psychological development.

Socialization (7 – 12 Weeks)

Puppies learn many things very quickly and in a very short amount of time from the age of seven weeks to the age of twelve weeks. What they have learned up to this point will have a significant impact on them for the rest of their lives. Everything that a young dog encounters leaves an indelible mark on their developing mind. Not only does a puppy learn, but he will learn things regardless of whether or not he is instructed in them. In spite of the fact that he has a short attention span, the things he learns are ingrained in his mind in a way that makes them hard to alter. Therefore, parents need to exercise caution with regard to the information that their pups take in at this stage. Your dog is extremely eager to learn how you want him to act, and he needs to be taught what is expected of him as a member of your family and as your companion. There are some guidelines that you will insist your new puppy adhere to for the rest of his life. Put those regulations in place RIGHT NOW, while the habits are still simple to inculcate. It is important that you not teach your puppy to engage in behaviors that will not be tolerated when he is an adult dog. While a puppy is gaining new teeth, it is normal for him to chew, but you should educate him what he is allowed to chew on and what he is not allowed to chew on at this time.

As a result of the significant requirements that you place on your puppy, you will need to assist your dog in making the adjustment to life in the human world. You need to establish a foundation of trust and happiness in order to have a successful relationship. Puppies learn to approach novel stimuli in their natural habitats carefully and with caution. Offer your puppy short exposures in unfamiliar circumstances several times so that he may develop used to them and give him the opportunity to do so. If you do not introduce your puppy to a wide range of experiences and novel settings throughout his formative months, he may develop a scared, reserved, and withdrawn personality, in addition to losing faith in you.

In addition, between the ages of 8 and 11 weeks, your puppy will go through a terror stage, which will have an effect that lasts a lifetime. Any unpleasant, painful, or traumatic events that your puppy goes through at this period will have a more long-lasting influence on him than they would have had they taken place at an other time. Your dog may develop a lifelong phobia of visiting to the veterinarian or the veterinary clinic as a result of a traumatic experience, for instance if the visit to the veterinarian was unpleasant. (To prevent this from happening, bring along some tasty goodies and/or a toy with you. While you wait, you should keep your puppy entertained by playing with him and giving him goodies. Before and after the checkup, your veterinarian should lavish your dog with praise and attention by caressing and praising your pet lavishly.) During this time, you should refrain from having any elective surgery, including hernia repairs. In general, you should try to avoid situations that are excessively stressful.

Keep in mind that Pugs are very sociable creatures. During this time period, they need to have interactions with you, other members of your family, as well as other people and dogs. This will help them develop into loving family companions. Dogs who are not allowed to interact with other dogs at this crucial phase are more likely to develop behavioral problems, such as becoming timid or hostile. During this stage of development, it is essential for your dog to have pleasant interactions with both humans and other dogs. Therefore, it is essential that you socialize your puppy and educate it how to behave appropriately while interacting with humans and other dogs in a constructive and non-punitive way. You should gradually expose your puppy to new objects, places, and people. This is especially important when it comes to socialization. Also, don’t forget that you should have your puppy’s first three puppy booster vaccines before you start socializing him with other dogs that you are not familiar with before you start socializing your puppy with other dogs.

Socialize, socialize, socialize

How do you socialize your puppy? Your canine companion will have a fun time exploring new environments, like public parks, playgrounds, and shopping malls or shopping centers. You should begin by bringing your new puppy to the location at times of the day when there will be few other distractions. This will allow him time to get used to the new surroundings. Before moving on to the next step, you should make sure that he is self-assured and at ease in his environment. Even if you only see your children periodically, it is important to socialize your new puppy with other children as often as possible. You should make an attempt to have friends of the opposite sex visit you at home if you are a single person and live alone. This will help your dog feel more comfortable among people of other sexes. Train your dog to be comfortable traveling in the vehicle with you if you intend to do so often with him. Beginning with shorter rides is a good idea. Go somewhere enjoyable. Bring along a large quantity of snacks or toys. Keep in mind that the outcomes might be traumatic if the new experiences are either too overpowering or too unfavorable.

Pack Leader Behavior (12-16 Weeks)

Your dog will now put you to the test in order to determine who the alpha of the pack is going to be. Although it won’t be as much of a result of teething as it was previously, he’ll start biting you, whether it’s just for fun or as a true challenge to your authority. If your puppy was part of a dog pack, then this behavior would be normal for it to exhibit, and it is not always undesirable. A answer from you that is not proper is something that should not happen. At this point in the process, it is essential that you establish yourself as the pack leader, and not just as another sibling or member of the pack. Your puppy will also engage in other actions, like as grasping at the leash, in an effort to assert its dominance over you. It is imperative that biting, in particular, be avoided at all times. Wrestling or playing tug of war with your dog is not a good idea at this point in time. Playing in this manner teaches a puppy to be hostile toward other members of the household. Your dog may see an activity that you consider to be enjoyable as a circumstance in which he has been given the opportunity to exercise dominance over you. When you wrestle with your dog, you are sending the message that he is okay to bite you. The game of tug of war pits players against one another in a struggle for control of an item.

Puppies see these games as pack dynamics in which they have been given permission to exercise dominance. Your canine companion is oblivious to the fact that these are games that were developed by humans for their own amusement. During this time, you are allowed and even encouraged to continue playing with your dog; but, the nature of your interaction with your dog while you are playing must shift. It is imperative that your dog be taught not to mouth any part of your body, and if he does so, you must correct him immediately and firmly by saying “NO!” or “No Bite.” The most enjoyable kind of play is one that does not become harsh. Do not continue to play in that manner if you are unable to prevent the dog from being extremely enthusiastic while you are playing a game and he continues to bite at you. Ignore him completely by turning your back on him and walking away from the situation. When he plays too roughly, he won’t get to play at all, and he will learn that lesson. Due to these factors, this is the point at which one should start engaging in formal training. Through proper training, you may demonstrate to your new puppy that you are the dominant member of the group. Through training, you will learn how to persuade your puppy to react to orders that are intended to demonstrate that you are in control of the situation.

Flight Period (4 – 8 Months)

Puppies reach this age when they become self-sufficient with regard to their owners and are ready to go out on their own. Puppies who had always came when their owners called them or remained near to them may often disregard them now, even to the point of perhaps fleeing the other way when they are called. This time frame may extend anything from a few weeks to a few months. The way in which you respond when your puppy stubbornly refuses to come or remain with you will influence whether or not he will be trustworthy off leash for the rest of his life. It cannot be emphasized enough that no young puppy should ever be allowed to go free without being restricted in an area that is completely risk-free and secure. When this stage begins, make sure that your puppy is on a leash and continue to keep him on a leash until he quickly returns to you or demonstrates that he has no intention of leaving you. Only dogs whose owners have trained them to the point where there is no chance that their pets would disobey an order to come when called or halt when told to do so have earned the right to run free without a harness or leash.

The question now is how you should react when your puppy all of a sudden develops the urge to run free. To begin, anytime you are not in a contained space, you must CONSTANTLY have your dog attached to either a leash or a long line. Second, put a lot of effort into teaching your puppy to come when it is called. You should play the recall game as well as the spontaneous recall. When you are out walking your dog, you should abruptly rush in the other direction and call your puppy to you. If your dog still shows no signs of stopping their tendency to bolt or run away, it is likely that your dog does not see you as the dominant person in this relationship. In order to remedy this issue, you may need to seek professional assistance. (Pugs are well-known for their stubbornness in this regard; thus, you shouldn’t give it too much thought until they really try to get away from you.) Even though your puppy seems less likely to run away after participating in several fundamental training sessions, this does not guarantee that he is dependable off lead until he has reached maturity and participated in a great deal of training.

Adolescence (5 – 18 months)

Adolescence may start as early as five months in some of the smaller breeds of dogs, but most often occurs between eight and 10 months. Adolescence marks the onset of puberty in dogs, much as it does in humans; around this time, male dogs begin the activity of scent marking with their urine. The introduction of testosterone into the system of the dog is what leads to the behavior known as scent marking. It’s possible that male dogs will become less friendly with other male dogs and perhaps little hostile against them. It is quite possible that he will start elevating his leg inside the home. It’s possible that he’ll start to be interested in ladies, and he definitely won’t be interested in listening to what you have to say. The first time a girl has menstruation marks the beginning of adolescence. Because her reproductive system is completely developed at this point in her life, your babe has a good chance of becoming pregnant around this time. However, SHE is not, and the first heat cycle of a female should NEVER be used for mating purposes. Therefore, she should not be with any male dogs at any time. Some b*tches are prone to extreme irritability and insecurity. When they reach their teenage years, some people have a more brazen or even hostile demeanor.

The transition from childhood to adolescent may be challenging for those who raise puppies as pets, just as it can be for actual parents. When that adorable tiny puppy grows up to be a free and independent thinker, it comes as quite a shock to everyone. Formal education is something that should definitely be begun (or resumed, or continued) throughout the adolescent years. To shape the dog of your dreams, you will need to put in a lot of effort. Establish your dominance over the other members of the group. Try to keep your expectations in line with reality. You can’t possibly anticipate that a young puppy would mature overnight. Appreciate the adolescence of your dog since it may be a genuinely beautiful moment for both of you. Dogs at this stage of their life have a lot of energy and come off as highly enthusiastic in their answers. They could be full of themselves, but they make wonderful playmates. You, as the owner, are responsible for teaching them to direct their boundless energy and enthusiasm into productive activities like studying, working out, and playing games. It is never too late to teach (or retrain) your dog in order to assist him in becoming a loyal family friend who will endure for many years.

Another Fear Period (6 – 14 Months)

This second fear phase in a puppy’s existence is comparable to the one that happened during the socialization stage, although it is much less defined. Puppies go through both fear periods at the same time. This condition affects dogs while they are in their teenage years and seems to be more prevalent in males. The term “adolescent shyness” is another name for this condition. It’s possible that all of a sudden your dog may be hesitant to approach anything new, or that he’ll have an irrational fear of something he’s The fact that this behavior begins all of a sudden and seems to have no explanation makes it difficult to comprehend for the owner, who may find it quite aggravating. In the event that you see this conduct, it is essential that you steer clear of the following two responses: You shouldn’t coddle or cradle your dog, and you shouldn’t push your puppy to do or approach anything that makes him nervous. Be patient, kind, and empathetic with your dog so that you can get through circumstances that worry him. You may desensitize him to the thing or circumstance by progressively exposing him to it and encouraging him to face his fear by rewarding him with food and praise. This will encourage him to confront the thing or scenario that he is afraid of. It is important that you not coddle him, embrace him, or comfort him in any manner that might encourage him to act more fearfully. At the same time, you should refrain from correcting him. Simply make light of the situation and encourage him by rewarding him with treats of his favorite foods as he continues to cope better with his anxiety. Ensure that you lavish praise on his efforts by any means necessary! This phase will eventually end. (However, food incentives won’t work as well since pugs are very greedy!)

Adulthood (1 – 4 Years)

During this time, it’s possible that your dog may once again become dominant and aggressive. It’s possible that he’ll get more territorial over time, barking at anybody who approaches the door or wanders on the grass outside of “his” fence. Put an end to this behavior by instructing him once again to welcome unfamiliar people into your house. Fighting with other dogs may develop out of what starts as friendly play with other dogs. If your dog is unable to behave favorably with other canines, you should teach him to ignore them when he encounters them. Train him in environments with a limited number of other canines by taking him to these locations in the beginning. After that, you should train him in environments with an increasing number of dogs. Next, you should give him the opportunity to play with friendly dogs. If he is a boy, appropriate names for him include puppies and bitches. Always be sure to praise his good attempts to engage, and do it even if he shows no emotion at all. Proceed gradually to the canine males. Adult members of the same sex, regardless of the animal species, have a tendency to compete with one another. This is something that should be kept in mind. When you bring together two odd adults of the same sex, you run the risk of their getting into a fight. Before permitting two dogs to play together, be sure both of them exhibit the behavioral characteristics of playfulness. In addition to this, keep an eye out for any symptoms of violent behavior. Keep an eye out for behaviors like as circling, walking on the tips of the toes, tail wags that are tight, and tense facial expressions.

Your dog will likely challenge your authority as pack leader once more when he or she reaches adulthood. In such case, you should treat him with firmness, refrain from any physical play that could be giving him the impression that he can control you, and go on with your training. Investing in more training, whether in the form of additional courses or individual instruction, is a good idea. It may provide you the structure and dedication to training him that you need at this time, and it can supply you with both of those things. Your dog will become a dog that is relatively obedient if you train it in a matter-of-fact and no-nonsense manner, since this is the best way to teach obedience. He deserves a lot of praise for all of his hard work, so give it to him!

In Sum

This is only a brief overview of some of the behavioral changes that take place in Pugs as they grow from puppies through their teenage years and into their early adult years. Other issues may arise that are not the direct result of the developmental period in and of itself, but rather are the result of something in the environment or the fundamental personality traits of the dog. The secrets to success include having an understanding of the material, obtaining the necessary training, and maybe seeking the assistance of a professional trainer. All dogs are different. Some individuals will not demonstrate the behaviors that are being discussed here, while others will cycle through them at various times. Keep in mind that your dog relies on you to play an active part in his growth, and the only way you can do that is by being well-informed and dedicating yourself to his training.

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