14 Common & Known Health Problems in Pugs

The following is a very quick and straightforward description of some of the recognized health issues that are associated with Pugs. Although this is not by any means an exhaustive list, the items included below represent some of the most frequent issues in alphabetical order. This is only a very basic explanation of the nature of the issue that we are facing. I have added links to relevant informational sites on the web wherever I came across them while researching this issue. If you go to a different website by clicking on a link, you need to use the “Back” button on your computer to get here again.

If you are thinking of breeding your pug, you need to be sure that he or she is free of ALL of these conditions before you start the process. It is vital that anybody who desires to breed Pugs does their research and has a good grasp of these issues. If the breeder does not know about these issues or makes an effort to avoid talking about them, then it is HIGHLY RECOMMENDED that you DO NOT purchase a puppy from that breeder.

Bilateral Cateracts:

Cataracts are any opaque area on the lens of the eye that causes at least some loss of vision. A person with bilateral cataracts has both of their lenses affected. There is a familial component to cataracts, but not always. It’s possible that surgery may help the dog regain part of his eyesight.

Corneal Ulcers (also indolent ulcer, recurrent corneal erosion, or ulcerative keratitis):

Ulcers on the cornea, also known as indolent ulcers, recurrent corneal erosion, or ulcerative keratitis, are most often brought on by an initial scratch or lesion to the cornea. They need immediate medical intervention; else, there will be some degree of vision loss. Ulcers are painful wounds that need to be examined by a veterinarian so that they may be treated in the most effective manner. Some pug lines are able to live their whole lives without ever experiencing an eye problem, while other lines are predisposed to developing ongoing issues.


Distichiasis is a condition in which a person has a double row of eyelashes, often on the lower eye, which irritates the eye in a manner very similar to that of entropion. Again, surgery is required since the condition causes the dog a great deal of discomfort and may even lead to blindness. It is not a danger to life.

Dry Eye (keratoconjuctivitis sicca):

Dry eye, also known as keratoconjunctivitis sicca, is a condition that causes a dog’s eyes to seem dull and harsh rather than shiny and sparkling. Dry eye affects around one in three dogs. It is due to a deficiency of tear production in the eye, which may occur for a number of reasons: either the nerves are unable to activate the tear glands, the tear glands themselves have become dysfunctional, or the ducts that transport tears to the eyes have been obstructed. The treatment could be helpful depending on what the root of the issue is.

Elongated Soft Palate:

Elongated Soft Palate The soft palate is a component of the anatomy that makes up the structure of the nose and mouth. When it becomes very lengthy, it has the potential to obstruct a portion of the airway leading into your Pug’s lungs. Your Pug will need to be sedated so that the veterinarian may examine it under anesthesia in order to identify whether or not it has an extended palate. It is a significant operation in the Pug to trim the palate in order to cure this condition.


In medical terms, encephalitis is referred to be an inflammation of the brain. Your dog is at risk of developing the most prevalent symptom, which is epileptic seizures. Because there is a kind of encephalitis that can only be found in pugs, researchers are now doing research on a condition known as “Pug Dog Encephalitis” (PDE). If you or your veterinarian have reason to believe that your Pug may be suffering from encephalitis, you should visit the article on seizures and encephalitis by following the link provided above.


When a Pug has entropion, the eyelids fold inward, and the eyelashes or eye hair brush on the surface of the eye, causing it to become irritated and sometimes even scratched. This may result in a gradual loss of vision over time if it is not treated appropriately. Surgery is often necessary to rectify the situation.

Generalized Progressive Retinal Atrophy:

Atrophy Progressiva Generalizada de la Retina (PRA): PRA is a general degeneration of the cells of the retina, which causes the dog to become blind in the middle of its life, often between the ages of five, six, and seven. As the issue starts out quite mild and progressively becomes more severe, many owners don’t know their dog is becoming blind until it is too late. There is currently no treatment available for this illness that is passed down through generations.

Hip Dysplasia

Hip dysplasia is not a condition that is only seen in huge breeds of dogs. Both big and small dogs are susceptible to having abnormalities in the anatomy of the hip joint. Hip dysplasia is a condition in which the head of the femur joint does not seat securely into the cup of the hip socket. As a result, the joint is unstable and causes the dog discomfort when it walks or runs. When it comes to tiny dogs, the beginning of difficulties may not happen until the dog is older, and the dog might not ever need surgical correction. The anatomy of your Pug’s hips may be seen with the use of X-rays.

Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease:

The deterioration of the femoral head (also known as the ball head) in the hip joint as a result of an inadequate blood supply is known as Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease. The typical onset of this condition occurs between the ages of six months and one year. As part of the treatment, the patient will need to have the head of the femur surgically removed.

Pigmentary Keratitis:

Pigmentary Keratitis is a condition in which there is a buildup of black scar tissue on the surface of the eye as a result of continuous irritation of the eyes. It gives the appearance of a dark stain that covers the eye progressively as time passes. This is a sign of another issue, and it should serve as an indicator of some chronic eye condition, such as dry eye, entropion, or ulcers. In order to treat the condition, the underlying cause must first be eliminated, and then the pigment must be removed with cyclosporine in either drop or ointment form. Eye surgery is sometimes a viable treatment option.

Slipped Stifles (patellar dislocation):

Patellar dislocation, also known as slipped stifles, is when the kneecap moves out of its normal position. This condition may be hereditary or brought on by trauma. The kneecap is a tiny bone that covers the front of the stifle and moves down a groove in the femur bone. It is located on the front of the stifle. While this bone slides (perhaps as a result of weak ligaments, poor alignment of the muscles, or the absence of a groove in the femur), the dog will often hop or limp when it is running. This is because the groove in the femur prevents the bone from sliding. Surgical intervention is necessary if the condition is severe.

Stenotic Nares:

The nostrils of Pugs are known to be too tiny and/or the cartilage of the nostrils to be too soft for the dog to breathe through, and as a result, the nostrils might collapse when the dog takes a breath in. Stenotic Nares can also be caused by a combination of these two factors. Because of this, they are forced to breathe through their lips and exert much more effort in order to take in sufficient air. At other times, a frothy nasal discharge might be seen coming from the nostrils. In the long run, it may result in a heart that is enlarged and eventually fail. In order to treat the condition, surgery is required, during which a portion of the nasal cartilages will be removed.


Another eye condition, known as trichiasis, which manifests as ingrown eyelashes on the top lid of the eye and continues to irritate the eye throughout the dog’s life. Surgical correction is an option.

   😍 These are popular items for Pug owners, maybe you need them too? Click images & check them out!

 🥰 This Dog Harness Protection Vest has removable spikes to protect the pug from other aggressive animals. The spikes are made of hard plastic so they won’t hurt your pet. The adjustable waist belt and collar help to use for different dog shapes and sizes. Check out the video to see how to measure your pet.

🥰 This Pet Travel Carrier For Small Dogs is allowed on most airplane flights. You can put the carrier under the seat in front of you with the wheels removed. It has excellent ventilation with mesh windows and a full zipper for easy access. Check out the reviews to avoid returning.

🥰 This Water Fountain For Pet is made of stainless steel water bowl and filter tray, making it durable. It is convenient for your pug to drink the water from the dish without getting its nose into the water, unlike other fountains. Also, it is easy to fill and clean. Check out the reviews before making your decision.

 🥰 This durable Dog Feeder allows a quick setup with the LCD screen. You can set the time to let it automatically dispense food on the right time up to 4 meals a day while you are asleep or on vacation. The tray and food tank can be removed for cleaning. Click the reviews to get tips about setting the feeder.

 🥰 This Black Dog Waste Roll Bags contain 30 rolls and 6000 bags. The bag can hold water for 30 days and controls the odor. Click to check the reviews before purchasing.

🥰 This Stuffed Toy For Dogs comes with a snuggle puppy, 3 heat packs, a puppy blanket, a toy and a teething aid. This kit reduces barking and anxiety for your pug, enhancing their sleep and crate and kennel training. The puppy blanket gives extra warmth and comfort. Click to see the reviews to see if your pug will like it too.

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